There are other dating techniques such as isochrons and discordia which avoid the need to estimate initial daughter product concentrations. I thank my wife Gwen, and children, Carson and Isaac, for supporting me in this work, and I thank God for giving us the intelligence to understand little bits and pieces of His amazing creation. Isotopes shown in dark green are found in rocks. Furthermore, the organic material pollen is not consistent within the laminae across this same section even though my opponent suggested otherwise. Objections have been raised to this estimate, which I now consider. Such drastic measures will help insure continued disbelieve in Gods existence.
If we eliminate the uniformitarian philosophy we can see that it makes the assumption of tree rings difficult to prove. Since carbon dating depends upon variable cosmic ray intensity, a calibration curve is assumed to be applied to account for that. There are three reasons why radiometric data is known to be accurate: 1. Concerning the catastrophic nature of the geological record, here are some non-creationist references. If these conditions are not satisfied, the error can be arbitrarily large. In summary, the carbon-14 method, when corrected for the effects of the flood, can give useful results, but needs to be applied carefully.
A key point is that it is no longer necessary simply to accept one chemical determination of a rock's age. The method has also been used to date stalactites and stalagmites from caves, already mentioned in connection with long-term calibration of the radiocarbon method. Each of the 8 a-particles emitted during the disintegration of U238 to Pb206 produces a dark ring in biotite. For example, the C-14 dates of living mollusks found in rivers can give anomalous dates. For example carbon has isotopes of weight 12, 13, and 14 times the mass of a nucleon, referred to as carbon-12, carbon-13, or carbon-14 abbreviated as 12C, 13C, 14C.
For example, during earthquakes, people have described the sky lighting up, ribbon-like flashes of lightning, globes of fire and sheets of flame. Elements can be transported into a sample or leach out of a sample. This has been challenged by studies involving Carbon C -14. However, some people have no problem with this. In Australia, some wood found the Tertiary basalt was clearly buried in the lava flow that formed the basalt, as can be seen from the charring.
Gentry also finds a variation in the haloes leading him to conclude that the decay constants have not been constant in time. Now, the average depth of the oceans is less than 5 times the average elevation of the land, so this would be enough erosion to cover an ocean area equal to the combined area of the Americas, Europe, and Africa, which would easily fill the Atlantic Ocean. Or it could have other explanations. On the surface, radiometric dating methods appear to give powerful support to the statement that life has existed on the earth for hundreds of millions, even billions, of years. Showing a serious error would win a Nobel prize.
Among other things, the results of carbon-dating of Acrocanthosaurus bones are given. So if the decay rates changed, they would have to change in exactly the same way in each. Radiometric dating can be compared to an hourglass. Figures 4 and 5, and the accompanying explanation, tell how this is done most of the time. By the time ten of these intervals, or half-lives, has passed, less than one thousandth of the original number of radioactive atoms is left.
Before answering this, consider this question: What happens in nuclear reactors? From his research, our evolutionary geologist may have discovered that other geologists believe that Sedimentary Rocks A are 200 million years old and Sedimentary Rocks B are 30 million years old. This acceleration produces bremsstrahlung radiation, which in turn produces free neutrons in surrounding material, if the energy of the radiation is high enough. It may also be that lava is produced by melting the bottom of continents and successively different layers are melted with time, or there could be a tendency for lighter isotopes to come to the top of magma chambers, making the lava there appear older. Most geochronologists maintain that pleochroic haloes give evidence that decay constants have not changed. These skeptics do not provide scientific evidence for their views.
For example, a suggested combined chronology of certain varves of 28000 years underwent reinterpretation to little more than 10000 years when rechecked with radiocarbon dating R. In fact, if a sample contains 14C, it is good evidence that it is not millions of years old. This is the same as the initial amount it would not change if there were no parent isotope to decay. How do we know that maybe all the rocks have excess argon? The actual age of the flow in 1997 was 1918 years. For a wimpy isochron, say a K-Ar isochron, we can assume that initially there is a uniform concentration of K everywhere, and concentrations of Ar40 and Ar36 that form an isochron.
The fact that rock is often under high pressure might influence this process, as well. If this is so, then why do they say the method is accurate to 50,000 years? Age estimates can be cross-tested by using different isotope pairs. Other critics, perhaps more familiar with the data, question certain aspects of the quality of the fossil record and of its dating. In a single rock there may be mutually contaminating, potassium- bearing minerals. Instead, most of the interfaces are sharply defined.
The most obvious constraint is the age of the oldest rocks. We can also say that certain formations tend to give reliable dates and others do not, depending on whether the dates agree with K-Ar dates. Con's problem is that all the reasonable scientific comparisons verify that radiometric dating has the accuracy claimed. But if we really understand what is going on, then we should be able to detect discrepant dates as they are being measured, and not just due to their divergence from other dates. Here is a remarkable example of C14 difficulties in a book published by Stanford University Press.